Biomin are plant trace elements which have been developed by JH Biotech of California USA, a leading company in mineral nutrition research.
Biomin are specially formulated chelates. The chelating agent or rather the enveloping chemical used in their formulation, is Glycine, the smallest of all Amino Acids, the building blocks of proteins.This formulation has created a new compound known as BIOMIN which is systemicly available via the phloem and xylem.
Biomin are safer to use than inorganic minerals or synthetic chelates. Biomin are available in individual minerals and in multinutrient formulas called "Boosters"
Utilized for both soil and foliar applications, Biomin are completely organic and therefore suitable for use in organic farming. Biomin can prevent and rapidly correct mineral deficiencies.
WHAT ARE CHELATES?
The idea of chelation is basically to isolate the trace element from hostile surroundings that would interfere with its availability. Many chelating agents are in use. Not all of them however are effective as far as plant nutrition is concerned. The problems of synthetic chelates such as EDTA, DTPA, EDDHA, and of complex organic chelates such as lignosulfonates are many:
1. Size: Such chelating agents have gigantic molecules. They cannot be absorbed intact. Even when used as foliar sprays, they will have to release their chelated mineral before the mineral can be absorbed, and thus losing their chelate structure.
2. Mineral Preference: Some chelating agents prefer to chelate certain minerals more than others. if Zinc-EDTA for example is used to correct Zinc deficiency in a medium containing Calcium, the, EDTA molecule will almost immediately release the Zinc and replaces it with Calcium and thus fails to deliver the Zinc and at the same time creates other problems by locking up calcium.
3. Bio-availability: Gigantic chelate molecules can in fact penetrate through the leaves' vents (the stomates) only when those stomates are open. Even then, the plant will have to transform this chelate into a natural bio-available chelate that it can utilise. Such a transformation requires both time and energy. Energy consumption requires expenditure of Phosphorus, a mineral already rare during cold winter days when its availability is next to nil.
4. Toxicity: Many synthetic and complex organic chelating agents are phytotoxic especially when used in high amounts and on long term.
5. Stability: Chelates vary in their stability constants. In this regard, the best chelates are those that are assimilated immediately after they are applied and before, they get the chance to break down.
WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF USING BIOMIN?
Chelates were introduced to the world of agriculture some 30 years ago. Relentless research has developed many newer and better chelates ever since attempting to achieve better performance and higher crop yields. BIOMIN so far are the newest and most advanced of them all. Their advantages are numerous:
1. Size: BIOMIN have the smallest molecular size that a chelate can ever have. With an average molecular weight of nearly 200 (compared to 1500 in the case of other chelates), they can easily penetrate through the waxy epidermis of the foliage of many field crops and ornamentals even at night when the stomates are totally closed.
2. Ease of Assimilation: Owing to their extremely small size, BIOMIN are assimilated very promptly. When used as foliar sprays, overhead sprinklers can safely be turned on only 4 hours after spraying.
3. Excellent Rate of Assimilation: Unlike applied salts and/or other forms of chelates where the rate of assimilation could be as low as 1.4%, the rate of absorption of BIOMIN is around 98%, knowing that lose always occurs through wind drift and so on.
4. Bio-availability: Plants can and do utilise BIOMIN since they do not require transformation to other forms. This will not only help reduce demand of energy, but will also save time and enhance early and balanced plant and crop maturity.
5. Reducing Stress: BIOMIN not only help reduce energy demands in cold winter days, but also help reduce heat and drought stress simply by maintaining a healthy plant.
6. Stability: Because BIOMIN are made of units of Amino Acids, they are not rendered easy victims for microbial hydrolysis.
7. Safety: BIOMIN are totally harmless to plants even when recommended rates are exceeded. Exceeding recommended rates is however unnecessary.
8. Environmental Safety: BIOMIN are totally harmless to both human and wild life, are totally free of pollutants and toxins and are enviromentally sustainable.
9. Higher Yields and Earlier Crops: When BIOMIN are used according to the crops' needs they will provide balanced nutrition which will ultimately mean earlier crop maturity as well as higher yields. By pushing towards this early maturity, crop yields do not suffer at the expense of useless vegetative growth as in the case of improper pushing with Nitrogenous fertilisers. For crops that pick over a long period of time (eg. Cucumbers, Roses, Carnations, Tomatoes, etc..) the picking season starts earlier and finishes later than normal. Seasonal crops mature considerably quicker enabling the grower to benefit from good market prices.
10. Nitrogen Sparing Effect: Because BIOMIN are Glycinates, they do contain a small percentage of Organic Nitrogen (2.0 - 2.5%), though low, this percentage can be of significance in times of stress.
11. Tackling Local Problems: Apart from their chemistry and physiology, BIOMIN combinations (eg. ZIM & BOOSTER V) are specially designed to solve local problems of certain soils. Extensive surveys had to be done taking also into account the genetic needs of different crops.